Terry Gardiner Bio
 Terry Gardiner - Full Bio
 Growing up in Wild Alaska
Growing up in the coastal rainforest of Southeast Alaska provided many exciting adventures in the beautiful wilderness of Alexander’s Archipelago. SE Alaska is a special place of tremendous diversity that provided many recreation and educational opportunities about the wilds. Alaska Pictures has some beautiful photos of Alaska and you can get some great travel information from the Alaska Division of Tourism.
 Commercial Fishing in Alaska
Choosing a summer job as a commercial fisherman was natural for a teenage boy in Ketchikan, Alaska. Between 1965 and 1981 my summers revolved around commercial salmon fisherman. I acquired my own vessel at age eighteen and owned several different fishing vessels over the years. During those years I was also involved in organizing and serving on the Board of a fishermen co-op, creating private non-profit fishermen owned salmon hatcheries and trade groups. Pinterest has some nice photos of commercial fishing in Alaska. I fished the length of Southeast Alaska from Dixon Entrance on the Alaska and Canada Border in the south to Haines three miles north at the northern end of Lynn Canal. Southeast Alaska is an incredible rainforest archipelago with abundant sea life.
 Alaska’s Abundant Resources
Alaska is blessed with healthy natural resources such as its salmon that support thousands of fishermen, seafood processors, a sport fishing industry and a bounty for tourists visiting Alaska. Like many places several of Alaska’s natural resources were brought to the brink of extinction before valuable lessons were learned. Alaskan’s had to sacrifice for many years to rebuild their fishery resources. Alaska was able to evolve laws, institutions and a culture based on the sustainability of natural resources and utilization of natural resources for the public interest. Today, Alaska’s management of its natural resources both renewable and non-renewable have established models for other jurisdictions on the sustainable use of resources for the broad public benefit.
On a fantastic trip to the Antarctic plateau and Ellsworth Range, our team fell short below the summit of Mt Vinson, the highest summit in Antarctica. We took a beautiful ski trip down the Ellsworth range and got a consolation prize with the first ascent of Mt. Slaughter (3,600m). Our experience of Antarctica was enhanced and given realism as we waited for two weeks in several snow storms reading about Ernest Shackleton’s Antarctic adventures decades earlier. We celebrated Christmas with an innovative hockey game in a glacial ice bowl on the Antarctic icecap at the Patriot Hills base camp. On this trip, my friend Doron Erel did summit Mt. Vinson completing the seven summits and became the first Israeli to do the seven summits. A decade later I would return to Antarctica via ship and retrace the route of Shackleton - Falklands, South Georgia Island, Elephant Island on the Antarctic Peninsula. We stopped at the Boss's graveyard at Grytviken, South Georgia Island and make a rare landing on the stormy, rocky, glacial shores of Elephant Island where his crew survived for months.
With my Alaska partners Doug Pope and Dave Jones, we climbed the highest peak in South America, Aconcagua (22,840ft; 6,982m) via the Polish route in 1986 (my first climb above 5,000 ft). We met some new friends on this route from Poland who was celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Polish route. I was able to visit them some years later after the Berlin Wall fell and Eastern Europe opened up. In the Seattle backyard Mt. Rainier (14,409ft; 4,392m) provides an ever-ready challenge to make sure one is in shape. Along the way have been interesting trips to Africa to climb Kenya and Kilimanjaro; Mexico to climb Ixta and Orizaba.
Summiting Denali in 2003 was the realization of a childhood dream and a fantastic trip. On summit day at 20,320 feet, we could see forever. We had several exciting storms, one forcing a campsite on a narrow ridge at 16,500 feet. Our lead guide Brent Okita with RMI is a masterful and experienced guide that will get you to the summit safely.
One of the side benefits of climbing is the enforced training program and this has led to my current side hobby of marathons, which provides a new opportunity for travel and meeting other marathoners. This led to running trail ultras including White River 50 miler, Bryce Canyon 50 and finally the Cascade Crest 100 miler in 2015 and 2017.
 Pacific Crest Trail
My intrepid friend and partner and I set out in 2010 to section hike the 2,650 mile Pacific Crest Trail that follows the highest mountains along the coast from Mexico to Canada. We soon realized that a couple of hundred miles per year wouldn’t do it and we started hiking 500 miles per summer. The PCT passes through 48 wilderness areas, national park gems like Crater Lake, Mt. Hood and Yosemite along with the highest peaks and passes in the country – Mt Whitney. It’s a national treasure. We gained enormous respect for the “through hikers” that do the trail in one long season. We finished on September 12, 2015, in the High Sierra’s. Since 2016 we have begun hiking the Arizona Trail (AZT) from Mexico to Utah through the mountain ranges, 850 miles. The trail has a spectacular crossing of the Grand Canyon at Bright Angel Trail. Great for hiking in spring or fall!
 The Alaska Legislature
My interest in public service started in college with an internship in the Washington State Legislature and subsequently working in the Alaska Legislature as Committee staff. Friends convinced me to file for election in 1972 and I ended up winning the election instead of returning to college! The next ten years was devoted to five terms in the Alaska Legislature. My five terms in the Legislature included the leadership positions of Speaker of the House of Representatives, Judiciary Committee Chairman and Chairman of the Alaska Criminal Code Commission. Alaska was fortunate during this tumultuous time period to have elected many public policy minded government officials in both political parties. I had the good fortune of working with many statesmen on long-term programs to benefit the public interest.
 Alaska Oil, Permanent Fund and a Sustainable Economy
During my Legislative terms, Alaska went through a significant transition with oil development and the construction of the Trans Alaska Pipeline. I was involved in creating several progressive and creative institutions to cope with significant changes during this decade. The most prominent was the Alaska Permanent Fund which now has $ 34 Billion invested and is still growing. The Permanent Fund saves in perpetuity 25% of Alaska’s oil wealth to fund state government and dividend annually cash to all Alaskan citizens. After the significant political controversy, the Permanent Fund was created by constitutional amendment. Later we developed a highly successful management and investment structure called the Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation. The Trustees have exceeded expectation over nearly three decades averaging ten percent return with a consistent farsighted investment policy
 Rebuilding Alaska Fisheries
The fishing industry is the largest employer in Alaska. I devoted considerable time to the development of several lasting institutions. The Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute, an award-winning marketing organization promotes the marketing and quality of Alaska seafood products. The Alaska Commercial Fishing and Agriculture Bank provide needed financing to remote businesses and fishermen that do not fit mainstream banking. The Private NonProfit Hatchery Act created a very novel blend of private and public resources, talents and energies and has been successful in economically rebuilding and enlarging Alaska salmon runs by engaging private sector investment and management. Many regional salmon hatchery associations such as SSRAA, NSRAA and PWSAC were formed by commercial fishermen under this legislation and the result has been enhanced salmon resources that contribute to the vitality of the regional economies and all user groups.
 Other Legislative Projects
A four-year project I headed was revision of all Alaska criminal law which culminated in 1978 with the passage of the revised Alaska Criminal Code. Other significant projects I spent major efforts on were providing doctors medical malpractice insurance through the establishment of the Medical Indemnity Corporation of Alaska. Long-term sustainability of the Alaska economy and broad citizen benefits was one of our themes to utilize oil wealth. This goal was met by constructing many sustainable finance institutions with state oil revenues such as the loan fund for hydro-electric development; citizen home loans through the Alaska Housing Finance Corp.; economic development projects financed by the Alaska Industrial Development Authority; and assisting municipalities to finance capital projects through the Alaska Municipal Bond Bank. In my own district, the development of a large shipyard, Vigor Alaska-Ketchikan, to service Alaska ferries and other vessels was developed.
 Public service positions
- Speaker of the House of Representatives, Alaska 1979-1980
- Elected to the Alaska House of Representatives 1972-1982 for five terms
- Chairman Judiciary Committee 1975-1978
- Chairman Resources Committee 1981
- Co-Chairman Alaska Permanent Fund Committee 1977-1978
- Chairman Alaska Criminal Code Commission 1975-1978
- Board of Directors Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute 1982-1985
- Member US National Seafood Promotional Council 1987-1990
- Advisor to the International North Pacific Salmon Commission
- Alaska SeaGrant College Advisory Committee
- National SeaGrant Advisory Committee
- HHS Health CO-OP Advisor 2010-2012
 Seafood Processing
In 1981 several friends and I decided to create a startup seafood processing company in Alaska to develop high-quality new seafood products produced in Alaska, especially smoked salmon. That decision began a two-decade journey starting with Silver Lining Seafoods our startup company with one plant in Ketchikan, Alaska. Two decades later we had a thousand employees in eight locations in Alaska and Washington states; over $ 100 MM in sales and markets stretched around the globe. It was an exciting odyssey with a talented management team. It was a challenging and educational opportunity to build a company as an owner from the ground up. I was President of Silver Lining and NorQuest Seafoods from 1981-2004.
As a seafood processing company, we purchased fish from hundreds of independent fishermen who ply Alaska’s thousands of miles of productive shoreline. We processed salmon, herring, shrimp, crab, halibut, sablefish, cod and other species into many forms of fresh, frozen, smoked, canned and cured seafood products for consumers around the world. The majority of our products were exported outside the US to Asia and Europe. Alaska has many remote and roadless areas where we operated and the only means in and out were small aircraft or our company vessels in some locations. It’s an entrepreneurial environment where only the most competitive and resourceful seafood companies and fishermen survive.
In 1992 through a merger and expansion, we became NorQuest Seafood. This merger greatly expanded our management team, facilities, markets and new opportunities. For more information on the company, we built check out Norquest Seafoods. In 2004 NorQuest Seafoods became part of Trident Seafoods the largest and most successful seafood company in North America. My partners are carrying on the traditions and policies that built NorQuest and have allowed me to retire and devote myself to public policy activities.
If you are hungry for some great Alaska seafood, need some recipes or gifts NorQuest Seafoods developed two well-known seafood brands and retail outlets. You can order some great Alaska seafood at two retail sites, Silver Lining Seafood and Port Chatham Smoked Seafoods. NorQuest has one of its processing plants in Cordova, Alaska home of the famous Copper River salmon fishery that produces wild sockeye and king salmon that is to die for.
 Health Care Reform
As the CEO of a private sector company in the US for the last two decades, I became painfully aware of the rapidly rising costs and reduction of access of health care for Americans. Research of the roots of these problems and projections of the current adverse trends reveals that the current health care systems in the United States are not sustainable. The skyrocketing costs of health care in the US and other countries are resulting in reduced access to medicine and health care. This is a matter of life and death for many people. Every person has a fundamental right to lead a healthy life. It is incumbent on our political system to implement reforms to our health care systems that enhance the access and quality of health care for every citizen.
My goal is to draw from both my experiences in the private sector and government to seek creative methods to lower costs and broaden access to health care.
I have worked with Essential Inventions, a Washington DC non-profit led by James Love. Essential Inventions focuses on innovative public policies that aim to reverse the adverse trends in our health care systems. Essential Inventions presented the Essential Patent Pool for AIDS (EPPA) to WHO, UNAIDS and the Global Fund. The focus of the EPPA is to provide affordable AIDS medicines to developing countries as well to accelerate needed innovation for the needs of patients in developing countries.
Essential Inventions has worked with Congressman Bernie Sanders of Vermont in the resulting introduction of HR 417, the Medical Innovation Prize Fund. This far-reaching proposed legislation would transform how medicines are priced in the US to generic price levels. Additionally, it would re-orient research and development for new medicines to medicines with therapeutic benefits. (Sanders is now a US Senator!)
I worked with CodeBlueNow!, a non-profit organization headed by Kathleen O’Connor. CodeBlueNow! is a grassroots non-partisan group that is focusing on strategies to create a national civic dialogue on what the US health care system should look like. One of CodeBlueNow!’s first projects was a competition that invited Americans to submit ideas on how America’s health care system might be improved. The creative results of the 109 proposals for this competition can be found on the website. Current projects are a Health Care Congress at Loma Linda University, a ten-part editorial series in the Seattle Post Intelligence and a Town Hall Meeting in Seattle.
In Washington State I have worked with several state groups on health reform; the Healthy Washington Coalition which is promoting many health care reform bills in the Washington Legislature, especially focusing on health coverage for uninsured children and providing access to affordable health insurance for small businesses. I am also on the Board of Physicians for National Health Plan in Washington that is promoting comprehensive health care reform nationally and at the state level. I think physicians are a critically important force in achieving health care reform in our country. Recently we have formed the Washington Health Security Coalition to build a statewide organization to lobby for legislation that would provide health care for all citizens both at the state and federal levels.
 Herndon Alliance
The Herndon Alliance is a national coalition of over one hundred health care reform groups, both state and national. Herndon Alliance does research, surveys and communication work to assist its partners to better communicate the case for health care reform. Herndon itself does not advocate legislation. My primary Herndon work starting in 2007, is business engagement and communication. We believe that business support for comprehensive health care reform is an essential element in the path to legislative success. We have organized Small Business for Affordable Healthcare as part of this strategy and work.
 Small Business Majority
In early 2008 I started working with Small Business Majority (SBM)to help build a business voice in support of comprehensive national health care reform. In July 2008 I opened the national office for SBM as a national policy director in Washington DC. Our primary goal was to support efforts for national health reform. We also advocated for policies assisting America’s 28 million small businesses, such as access to capital.
Small Business Majority expanded its policy focus beyond healthcare quickly in 2008 with the negative impacts of the Great Recession on small businesses. We worked with the Obama Administration and Congress on successful measures to expanded SBA loans and job tax credits. SBM has gone on to work on all major issues facing small business owners.
 Guaranteed HealthCare Access Plan
On the policy front I personally find the Guaranteed HealthCare Access Plan proposed by Professor Victor Fuchs and Dr. Ezekiel Emanuel as the most practical and politically feasible comprehensive solution to fixing our broken health care system. Along with some other volunteers starting in 2007, I have been helping get educational materials to opinion leaders and others on this creative plan for health care reform. Dr. Emanuel has written a book describing the plan in detail “Healthcare, Guaranteed”. Dr. Emanuel has gone to work for the Obama Administration as part of his healthcare reform team.
This plan may be too idealistic for Americans who fear change. While Americans know their health system is broken and they favor reform, there is no plurality favoring any one reform plan. The GHAP plan has many policies and features that can hopefully become part of a less dramatic, but still significant national health reform package.
 Cascade Land Conservancy, Cascade Agenda & Forterra
The Cascade Land Conservancy worked with thousands of Puget Sound residents and experts in Washington State to build a “hundred year vision” for the region. We know the population will double and that current growth patterns will wipe out the remaining working farm, forest and recreation lands with urban sprawl if we continue our current growth patterns. The Cascade Agenda calls for the utilization of market based mechanism and “smart growth” policies to provide for sustainable growth and the perseveration of a high quality of life in the Pacific Northwest Puget Sound basin.
I served on the Cascade Agenda Implementation Team 2006-2008, several work groups and assisted staff on projects as do many many volunteers from the private and public sectors. Cascade Land Conservancy has built a very large and productive coalition of individuals and groups to implement the Cascade Agenda. CLC rebranded itself as Forterra as it expanded beyond its core mission of land preservation.
Many other regions of our country should study the process and policies that the Cascade Agenda has grown out of its experience in their own endeavors to meet the challenges of sustainable growth and preservation of a high quality of living.
 Best Practices Wiki
In late 2012 I started a project to build a wiki website of best practices that would be a freely available public repository of best practices in all fields and areas modeled primarily on Wikipedia, the free Internet encyclopedia. The primary beneficiary of the Best Practices Wiki would be leaders and managers of small organizations – for profit, non-profit and small government organizations.
In parallel I have authored the leadership book, Six-Word Lessons to Build Effective Leaders: 100 Lessons to Equip Your People to Create Winning Organizations. The proceeds from the book are donated to support the Best Practices Wiki.